September is Prostate Cancer Awareness Month
Prostate cancer can often be found early by testing for prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels in a man’s blood. Another way to find prostate cancer early is the digital rectal exam (DRE), in which the doctor puts a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum to feel the prostate gland.
Risk Factors: Age, Race, Geography, family history, gene changes, diet, smoking, chemical exposures.
Prostate cancer begins when cells in the prostate gland start to grow uncontrollably. Almost all prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas. These cancers develop from the gland cells (the cells that make the prostate fluid that is added to the semen).
Other types of prostate cancer include:
- Small cell carcinomas
- Neuroendocrine tumors (other than small cell carcinomas)
- Transitional cell carcinomas
These other types of prostate cancer are rare. If you have prostate cancer it is almost certain to be an adenocarcinoma. Some prostate cancers can grow and spread quickly, but most grow slowly.
Other than skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men.
The American Cancer Society’s estimates for prostate cancer in the United States for 2017 are:
- About 161,360 new cases of prostate cancer
- About 26,730 deaths from prostate cancer
About 1 man in 7 will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime.
Prostate cancer develops mainly in older men. About 6 cases in 10 are diagnosed in men aged 65 or older, and it is rare before age 40. The average age at the time of diagnosis is about 66.
You can be diagnosed by having an elevated PSA blood test followed by an ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI.
Different treatments for prostate cancer can include oral therapy, radiation, and surgery.
Make sure to get regularly check ups with you primary care physician if you think you may be at higher risk for Prostate Cancer.
Please call us here at Charleston Hematology and Oncology Associates at 843-577-6957 if you have been recently diagnosed with Prostate Cancer.